H.C. Andersen's Hometown

Photo:Thomas Mørkeberg&Rasmus Hjortshøj

Get to know Odense's most famous son, Hans Christian Andersen. A multi-talented artist, Andersen impressed with fairy tales, plays, biographies, travel accounts, paper art and more. Visit the local attractions that each point the spotlight on one or more sides to our famous fairy tale writer.

Hans Christian Andersen's personal fairy tale

From a poor child in the Odense slums, the son of a shoemaker and a washerwoman, to a celebrated cultural personality in the very highest social strata of 19th century Copenhagen - you would almost think it was a fairy tale by Hans Christian Andersen, but it is instead the fairy tale writer's own life story.

Living is not enough - Sunshine, freedom and a little flower are necessities - H.C. Andersen

It all started in Odense

H.C. Andersen was born in Odense on 2 April 1805, the son of Hans Andersen, a cobbler, and Anne Marie Andersdatter, a laundress. Both the birthplace in Hans Jensens Stræde and the childhood home in Munkemøllestræde testify to a hard and poor life, even by the standards of the time. His childhood favourite occupation was to fantasize and imagine fantastic stories, and at the age of 14 he decided to seek his fortune at the Royal Theatre in Copenhagen.

The whole world is a series of miracles, but we're so used to them we call them ordinary things. Hans Christian Andersen

The first writings

In the same year, he published his first book - Ungdoms-Forsøg - under a pseudonym and submitted a tragedy from the book to the Danish Royal Theatre. The play did not catch on, but the theatre management decided to help the young writer to an education, which he completed in 1829 with an M.Phil. and devoted himself to poetry.

In the early years of his writing (1828-1835), he tried his hand at many genres, displaying a rich imagination, playfulness and daring. His big breakthrough in 1835 was the novel The Improviser and his first fairy tale: Fairy Tales for Children. At the same time, his stories broke through abroad and were successful in both England and Germany.

An extraordinary life

Already during his lifetime, his fairy tales and stories were translated into several languages, ensuring him increasing popular fame. In sharp contrast to his great success as a poet was his private life; he was unsuccessful in love and lived a lonely life plagued by worries, though with a large circle of friends among his peers. Among his best-known adventures are stories such as:

  • The Little Mermaid
  • The Ugly Duckling
  • The Little Match Girl (a favourite in Asia)
  • Thumbelina
  • The Tinderbox (the one with the soldier, the witch and the three dogs)
  • The Princess and the Pea
  • The Emperor's New Clothes
  • The Snow Queen
  • and many, many more

Even today, most children have read or been read one of Andersen's fairy tales and most have seen a film adaptation or animated film based on one of his stories.

Everything comes to an end

Hans Christian Andersen died in 1875 of liver cancer at the Melchior family's country house 'Rolighed' in what is now Østerbro in Copenhagen, and the funeral attracted international attention.

With his fertile imagination and, for his time, radical and modern approach to art, Hans Christian Andersen is one of the most fascinating figures in Danish cultural history. He contributed not only literary works but also drawings, papercuts and picture books.

It is hard, damn hard, to die while the heart is still young - H.C. Andersen